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UA 002.001.001 Guide to the North Carolina State University, Office of the Chancellor, Early Chancellors Records, 1891-1934

The records of the Office of the Chancellor during the early chancellors' administrations are organized into five series: .
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Alexander Quarles Holladay, the first Chief Executive of the North Carolina College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts, was born in Cherry Grove, Virginia, in 1839. Holladay studied at the University of Virginia and the University of Berlin, specializing in Latin, Greek, modern languages, moral philosophy, and law. After service as a colonel in the 19th Virginia Regiment during the Civil War, Holladay spent several years farming and practicing law, and served in the Virginia Senate for four years. In 1889, Colonel Holladay applied to the North Carolina College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts for the position of professor of English, but the Board of Trustees appointed him as the first college president instead. Holladay served the institution until failing health forced his retirement in 1899. He died in Raleigh, North Carolina, in 1909.
North Carolina College for Agriculture and Mechanic Arts opened in 1889 with one building--the current Holladay Hall, six faculty members, 50 students, and courses in the agricultural and mechanical arts. A curriculum in applied science was added in 1893. By the turn of the century, the College had grown to some half dozen buildings, enrollment reached 300, and the College had begun to diversify its curricula.
The records of Alexander Quarles Holladay’s administration include correspondence and an annual report.
Topics include the annual report of the Boarding Department of the College, budget for providing students with good room and board with healthy, nutritious, well-balanced meals that varied with the seasons. Other issues considered were pay for good cooks, servants, fuel, wear and tear, etc., and the forming of clubs, which meant many students began living off-campus.
The records of Alexander Quarles Holladay’s adminstration range in date from 1891 to 1895.
[Box 1, Folder 1] Correspondence/Announcements, 1891-1895
George Tayloe Winston was born in 1852 in Windsor, North Carolina. Winston was educated in the Horner School, located in Oxford, North Carolina; the University of North Carolina, which he entered at the age of thirteen; the United States Naval Academy, where he ranked first in his class; and Cornell University, where he was awarded the Latin Scholarship Medal and elected a member of the Phi Beta Kappa Society. In 1899, Winston became the second president of the North Carolina College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts. Winston retired in 1908, and accepted a lifetime annuity from the Carnegie Foundation for his service to Southern education. He died in Durham, North Carolina, in 1932.
While Winston was in office, the college developed a new curriculum in textiles, and began offering summer courses for public school teachers for the first time.
The records of George Tayloe Winston’s administration include correspondence, reports, policies and a booklet entitled "Industrial Education and the Use of Machinery Essential to the Development of North Carolina," an address by President George T. Winston, and other informational booklets.
Topics include policies regarding military training and discipline, arrangements for the immediate erection of a building for Textiles instruction and its equipment, scholarships, a letter from the president recruiting students, results and recommendations of the Sanitation Committee, the decision to have a separate Board of Trustees for the College and the Department of Agriculture, and a biennial report from President Winston to the Governor for transmission to the Legislature.
The records of George Tayloe Winston’s adminstration range in date from 1899 to 1906.
[Flat Box 7] Copies of letters written primarily to prospective students, 1899
[Box 1, Folder 2] Correspondence, Reports, Etc., 1899-1906
The third chief executive of the North Carolina College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts, Daniel Harvey Hill was born in 1859 in Davidson, North Carolina. He received his B.A., M.A., and Litt.D. degrees from Davidson College in 1880, 1886, and 1905, respectively. In 1910, Hill received a Doctor of Law degree from the University of North Carolina. In 1889, Hill became a professor of English and bookkeeping at North Carolina College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts. He was one of the first six faculty members, and eventually, also served as the college’s librarian. In 1908, Daniel Harvey Hill was selected as President of the college, the first "insider" to hold the position, and served until 1916. Hill died in 1924 in Blowing Rock, North Carolina.
During Hill’s tenure, the Agricultural Extension Service was established, the College celebrated its 25th anniversary, enrollment grew to more than 700, and the College accepted a conditional gift from Mr. John D. Rockefeller for a YMCA building.
The records of Daniel Harvey Hill's administration in the Office of the Chancellor include correspondence, financial records, policies, reports and a program.
Topics include the successful 25th Anniversary Celebration at the College, a $20,000 conditional gift from Mr. John D. Rockefeller for the YMCA building, financial statements, the State of North Carolina definition and policy on hazing, and a copy of a letter from President Hill announcing his retirement to his former students.
The records of the Office of the Chancellor during Daniel Harvey Hill's adminstration range in date from 1908 to 1916.
[Box 1, Folder 3] Correspondence, Etc., 1908-1916
The records of Wallace Carl Riddick’s administration include correspondence, policy statements, financial records, general reports and records, and a program.
Topics include the military (ROTC), appropriations and construction for buildings and grounds, an unsigned letter to the Building Committee stating that the Committee should give "the 1200 boys a gymnasium, and a good one,” budget and other financial issues, a report from Consultant George F. Zook on the reorganization of the college, and a program from the Inauguration of Wallace Carl Riddick, as the fourth President of North Carolina College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts on February 22, 1917. The records of Wallace Carl Riddick’s adminstration range in date from 1916 to 1923.
The fourth chief executive of the College, Wallace Carl Riddick was born in Wake County, North Carolina, in 1864. He received his B.A. in 1885 from the University of North Carolina, and a degree in civil engineering in 1890 from Lehigh University. In addition, Riddick received honorary LL.D. degrees from Wake Forest College and Lehigh University. Riddick joined the North Carolina College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts (A&M College) in 1892 as a professor of mechanics and applied mathematics. In 1895, he became the college’s first professor of civil engineering. Riddick served as the vice president of the college from 1908 until 1916, when he became the fourth president of A&M College. In 1923, Riddick resigned his position as president to become the first dean of North Carolina State’s School of Engineering. In 1939, North Carolina State College gave Riddick an honorary doctoral degree in engineering. Wallace Carl Riddick died in 1942.
During Riddick’s tenure, the name of the College changed from North Carolina College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts to North Carolina State College of Agriculture and Engineering (1917) to reflect the increased emphasis on professional and theoretical aspects of technical education. Also during his term, President Riddick initiated the administrative reorganization of the College, a necessity due to increased enrollment and larger numbers of faculty and staff.
[Box 1, Folder 4] Reserve Officers' Training Corps, 1916-1923
[Box 1, Folder 5] Riddick Inauguration, 1917
[Box 1, Folder 6] Correspondence, Etc., 1918-1923
[Box 1, Folder 7] Buildings, 1922-1923
[Box 1, Folder 8] Zook Report, 1922-1923
Born in 1871 in Greene County, North Carolina, Eugene Brooks graduated from Trinity College (later Duke University) in 1894 with an A.B. degree. Brooks was awarded a Litt.D. degree from Davidson College in 1918. Brooks worked on newspapers and he served as teacher, principal and superindentent at a number of North Carolina schools. In 1906, he founded the Journal of North Carolina Education, and served as its editor until 1923. From 1907 to 1919, Brooks headed the Trinity College Department of Education, and was state superindentent of public instruction in North Carolina from 1919 to 1923.
In 1923, Brooks became president of North Carolina State College, and he oversaw a major organization. During his tenure, the Schools of Agriculture, Science and Business, Education, Textiles and Engineering came into existence, as did the Graduate School. Brooks headed the college until 1934. He died in Raleigh, North Carolina, in 1947.
Arranged by academic year and then alphabetically.
The records of Eugene Clyde Brooks' administration in the Office of the Chancellor include correspondence, annual and budget reports, newspaper clippings, blueprints, photographs, a summary of bulletins and articles published by the Department of Botany, and various professional papers related to education and agriculture in North Carolina. Topics include the consolidation of the University of North Carolina, North Carolina State College, and the Woman’s College of the University of North Carolina (later the University of North Carolina at Greensboro). The purpose of consolidation was to prevent duplication of programs and to promote educational efficiency. Other topics include the administrative reorganization of the College, student military service, faculty compensation, and the teaching of evolution at North Carolina State College.
The records of the Office of the President during Eugene Clyde Brooks administration range in date from 1923 to 1934.
[Box 1, Folder 9] Administrative Organization, 1923-1924
[Box 1, Folder 10] Buildings, 1923-1924
[Box 1, Folder 11] Committees, 1923-1924
[Box 1, Folder 12] Correspondence, 1923-1924
[Box 1, Folder 13] Faculty, 1923-1924
[Box 1, Folder 14] Mathematics, 1923
[Box 1, Folder 15] State Fair Property, 1923-1924
[Box 1, Folder 16] Statistics, 1923-1924
[Box 1, Folder 17] Brooks Inauguration, 1924-1925
[Box 1, Folder 18] Budget, 1924-1925
[Box 1, Folder 19] Buildings, 1924-1925
[Box 1, Folder 20] Consolidation, 1924-1925
[Box 1, Folder 21] Correspondence, 1924-1925
[Box 2, Folder 1] Engineering Education, 1924-1925
[Box 2, Folder 2] Faculty, Dean of the School of Agriculture, 1924-1925
[Box 2, Folder 3] Faculty, General, 1924-1926
[Box 2, Folder 4] Faculty, Resignation of the Dean of Agriculture, 1924-1925
[Box 2, Folder 5] Governor Angus W. McLean, 1924-1925
[Box 2, Folder 6] Homecoming, 1924-1925
[Box 2, Folder 7] Statistics and Reports, 1924-1926
[Box 2, Folder 8] Statistics and Reports, President's Reports, 1924-1925
[Box 2, Folder 9] Trustees, 1924-1925
[Box 2, Folder 10] Winston, George T., 1924-1925
[Box 2, Folder 11] Winston, Dr. George T., 1924-1925
[Box 2, Folder 12] Board of Trustees, 1925-1926
[Box 2, Folder 13] Budget, 1925-1926
[Box 2, Folder 14] Buildings, 1925-1926
[Box 2, Folder 15] Correspondence, 1925-1926
[Box 2, Folder 16] Reports, Agricultural Extension, 1925-1926
[Box 2, Folder 17] Reports, General, 1925-1926
[Box 2, Folder 18] Evolution, 1925-1926
[Box 2, Folder 19] Homecoming, 1925-1926
[Box 2, Folder 20] Budget, 1926-1927
[Box 3, Folder 1] Buildings, 1926-1927
[Box 3, Folder 2] Correspondence, 1926-1927
[Box 3, Folder 3] Miscellaneous, 1926-1927
[Box 3, Folder 4] Peele, W.J., Speech Regarding, 1926-1927
[Box 3, Folder 5] President's Home, Construction of, 1926-1927
[Box 3, Folder 6] Reports, 1926-1927
[Box 3, Folder 7] Trustees, 1926-1927
[Box 3, Folder 8] Budget, 1927-1928
[Box 3, Folder 9] Buildings, 1927-1928
[Box 3, Folder 10] Controller, 1927-1928
[Box 3, Folder 11] Correspondence, 1927-1928
[Box 3, Folder 12] Faculty Publications List, 1927-1928
[Box 3, Folder 13] President's Home, Construction of, 1927-1928
[Box 3, Folder 14] Reports, 1927-1928
[Box 3, Folder 15] Trustees, Executive Committee, 1927-1928
[Box 3, Folder 16] Trustees, General, 1927-1928
[Box 3, Folder 17] Budget, 1932-1933
[Box 3, Folder 18] Buildings, 1932-1933
[Box 3, Folder 19] Faculty Council, 1932-1933
[Box 3, Folder 20] Forestry Department, 1932-1933
[Box 3, Folder 21] Stadium, 1932-1933
[Box 3, Folder 22] Statistics, 1932-1933
[Box 4, Folder 1] Budget, 1928-1929
[Box 4, Folder 2] Buildings, 1928-1929
[Box 4, Folder 3] Consolidation, 1928-1929
[Box 4, Folder 4] Correspondence, Apple Orchard Affairs, 1928-1929
[Box 4, Folder 5] Correspondence, General, 1928-1929
[Box 4, Folder 6] Kaupp, Dr. B. F., 1928-1929
[Box 4, Folder 7] President's Home, Construction of, 1928-1929
[Box 4, Folder 8] Reports, etc., 1928-1929
[Box 4, Folder 9] Trustees, 1928-1929
[Box 4, Folder 10] Anniversary of the College (40th), 1929-1930
[Box 4, Folder 11] Budget, 1929-1930
[Box 4, Folder 12] Consolidation, 1929-1930
[Box 4, Folder 13] Correspondence, 1929-1930
[Box 4, Folder 14] Laundry, 1929-1930
[Box 4, Folder 15] Military Department, 1929-1930
[Box 4, Folder 16] Miscellaneous, 1929-1930
[Box 4, Folder 17] Reports, 1929-1930
[Box 4, Folder 18] Trustees, 1929-1930
[Box 5, Folder 1] Budget, 1930-1931
[Box 5, Folder 2] Correspondence, 1930-1931
[Box 5, Folder 3] Consolidation, 1930-1931
[Box 5, Folder 4] Graduate School (Dr. Carl Taylor), 1930-1931
[Box 5, Folder 5] Live-at-Home Week, 1930-1931
[Box 5, Folder 6] Military Department, 1930-1931
[Box 5, Folder 7] Statistics, 1930-1931
[Box 5, Folder 8] Trustees, 1930-1931
[Box 5, Folder 9] Correspondence, 1931-1932
[Box 5, Folder 10] Consolidation, Correspondence, 1931-April 1932
[Box 5, Folder 11] Consolidation, Correspondence, May 1932-August 1932
[Box 5, Folder 12] Consolidation, Reports, 1931-1932
[Box 5, Folder 13] Forestry Department, 1931-1932
[Box 6, Folder 16] How Shall Agriculture Survive the Depression (State College Record), vol. 31, no. 5, Apr. 1932
[Box 5, Folder 14] Statistics, 1931-1932
[Box 5, Folder 15] Teaching Load, 1931-1932
[Box 5, Folder 16] Trustees, 1931-1932
[Box 6, Folder 1] Agricultural Experiment Station Budget, 1932-1933
[Box 6, Folder 2] Correspondence, 1932-1933
[Box 6, Folder 3] Tennessee Valley Authority, 1932-1933
[Box 6, Folder 4] Textile Foundation, 1932-1933
[Box 6, Folder 5] Trustees, 1932-1933
[Box 6, Folder 6] University of North Carolina, Consolidated Correspondence, 1932-1933
[Box 6, Folder 7] University of North Carolina, Consolidated Reports, 1932-1933
[Box 6, Folder 8] Correspondence, 1933-1934
[Box 6, Folder 9] Reports, 1933-1934
[Box 6, Folder 10] Budget, 1933-1934
[Box 6, Folder 11] Buildings, 1933-1934
[Box 6, Folder 12] Forestry Department, 1933-1934
[Box 6, Folder 13] Miscellaneous, 1933-1934
[Box 6, Folder 14] Stadium, 1933-1934
[Box 6, Folder 15] Tennessee Valley Authority, 1933-1934

Creator

North Carolina College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts.

Creator

North Carolina State College. Office of the Chancellor.

Quantity

4.0 Linear feet

General Physical Description

6 archival boxes, 1 archival flat box

Language

English

Acquisition Information

Transferred from North Carolina State University, Office of the Chancellor.

Processing

Processed by: Barbara Weinberg and Flora Blackley, 2010 April; Finding Aid written by Barbara Weinberg and Flora Blackley, 2010 April.

Scope and Content Note

The records of the Early Chancellors in the Office of the Chancellor at first the North Carolina College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts and then North Carolina State College include correspondence, telegrams, annual reports, policy statements, booklets, financial records, programs, photographs, newspaper clippings, blueprints, and various professional papers related to education and agriculture in North Carolina.

Topics include military training and discipline, growth and reorganization of the College, appropriations and construction for buildings and grounds, the naming of dormitories in honor of former students of the College who died overseas in the first World War, budget and other financial issues, the 25th and the 40th anniversary celebrations at the College, the renaming of the College, and the Consolidation of the University of North Carolina colleges, enlarging and improving the athletic stadium facilities on Riddick field, the YMCA, Governor O. Max Gardner, hazing, evolution, faculty compensation.

The records of the Office of the Chancellor during the first five administrations range in date from 1891 to 1934.

Historical Note

The Chancellor is the chief administrative and executive officer, leader and spokesperson of North Carolina State University. The Chancellor, who has complete executive authority for the university, subject to the direction of the president and the board of trustees, defines the scope and authority of faculties, councils, committees, and officers of North Carolina State University, is a member of all faculties and other academic bodies of the university, and has the right to preside over the deliberations of the legislative bodies of the faculties of the institution. The Office of the Chancellor retains authority in faculty and EPA personnel, student matters, contracts, leases, and other agreements, and the acquisition and disposition of property.

The title of the head of North Carolina State University has changed over time. First the university was led by a president (1889-1934), then a vice president of the Consolidated University (1934), then a dean of Administration (1934-1945), and finally a chancellor (1945-present).

The “Early Chancellors” include the first five chief executives, or presidents, of first the North Carolina College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts and then North Carolina State College. Alexander Quarles Holladay was the first chief executive of North Carolina College for Agriculture and Mechanic Arts (1889-1899). The second chief executive was George Tayloe Winston (1899-1908). The third chief executive was Daniel Harvey Hill (1908-1916). Eugene Clyde Brooks was the fifth chief exective of the College (1923-1934).

(For further biographical information on each chancellor and his administration, see the relevant series notes.)

Access to Collection

Collection is open for research; access requires at least 24 hours advance notice.

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Mail

Special Collections Research Center
Box 7111
Raleigh, NC, 27695-7111

Telephone

(919) 515-2273

Fax

(919) 513-1787

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], North Carolina State University, Office of the Chancellor, Early Chancellors Records, UA 002.001.001, Special Collections Research Center, North Carolina State University Libraries, Raleigh, NC

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