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MC 00347 Guide to the Frederick L. Wellman Papers, 1915 - 1981

This collection is divided into nine series: Publications, Teaching Materials, Research, Awards and Conferences, Memorabilia, Personnel Information, Manuscript Materials, Oversize Materials, and Photographs. Publications is divided into three subseries: Writings, United Fruit Company Reports, and Collected Works. Research is also divided into three subseries: Proposals, Coffee Research, and Other Research.
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This series contains books, articles, and reports written by Wellman and other scientists in his field. Common themes in these publications include Fusarium and coffee rust ( Hemileia vastatrix). The series is divided into three sections: Writings, United Fruit Company Reports, and Collected Works.
Writings are arranged chronologically, ranging from 1922 to 1981. Although Wellman is most well known for his coffee research, his early publications include topics such as celery, tomatoes, and timber. His earliest paper in this collection is entitled "Hot Water and Mercuric Chloride Treatments on Some 'Brassica' Seeds and their Effect Both on the Germination of the Seeds and the Viability of the Fungus 'Phoma Lingam'." Wellman wrote this paper as a student at the University of Wisconsin. Other early works include a journal article, "Relation of Temperature to Spore Germination and Growth of Urocystis cepulae," co-authored by J. C. Walker, and an abstract of Wellman's thesis, "Studies Upon the Clubroot of Crucifers." Other works include reprints from the Journal of Agricultural Research, Science, and Phytopathology.
Also included are two reviews of Wellman's works, one of Coffee, Botany, Cultivation, and Utilization, and the other of Tropical American Plant Disease.
When necessary, correspondence is attached to a report in order to put the letter and the report in proper context.
United Fruit Company Reports consist of 14 reports originally kept confidential by the United Fruit Company in Tela, Honduras. These reports are arranged chronologically, and range from 1915 to 1930. The earliest report is a draft of a report about Panama banana disease, written by Professor Prescott. Other reports are written by Horace A. Dean, Wellman, T. J. Grant, and M. M. Manns. The subject of the reports consists mostly of bananas, the United Fruit Company's main crop.
Collected Works are arranged alphabetically. This collection includes works such as Eddie Echandi's Manual de Laboratorio para Fitopatologia General, a collection of the Journal of Coffee Research, and Joseph A. Tosi's Zonas de Vida Natural en el Peru.
Wellman's Works, 1922 - 1981
0.75 Linear feet (1.5 archival boxes)
[Box 1, Folder 1] 1922
[Box 1, Folder 2] 1925
[Box 1, Folder 3] 1926
[Box 1, Folder 4] 1927
[Box 1, Folder 5] 1928
[Box 1, Folder 6] 1929
[Box 1, Folder 7] 1930
[Box 1, Folder 8] 1931
[Box 1, Folder 9] 1932
[Box 1, Folder 10] 1933
[Box 1, Folder 11] 1934
[Box 1, Folder 12] 1935
[Box 1, Folder 13] 1937
[Box 1, Folder 14] 1938
[Box 1, Folder 15] 1939
[Box 1, Folder 16] 1940
[Box 1, Folder 17] 1941
[Box 1, Folder 18] 1942
[Box 1, Folder 19] 1943
[Box 1, Folder 20] 1944
[Box 1, Folder 21] 1945
[Box 1, Folder 22] 1946
[Box 1, Folder 23] 1947
[Box 1, Folder 24] 1949
[Box 1, Folder 25] 1950
[Box 1, Folder 26] 1951
[Box 1, Folder 27] 1952
[Box 1, Folder 28] 1953
[Box 1, Folder 29] 1954
[Box 2, Folder 1] 1955
[Box 2, Folder 2] 1956
[Box 2, Folder 3] 1957
[Box 2, Folder 4] 1958
[Box 2, Folder 5] 1960
[Box 2, Folder 6] 1961
[Box 2, Folder 7] 1962
[Box 2, Folder 8] 1964
[Box 2, Folder 9] 1965
[Box 2, Folder 10] 1968
[Box 2, Folder 11] 1969
[Box 2, Folder 12] 1970
[Box 2, Folder 13] 1974
[Box 2, Folder 14] 1977
[Box 2, Folder 15] 1980
[Box 2, Folder 16] 1981
[Box 2, Folder 17] Undated
[Box 2, Folder 18] Reviews
United Fruit Company Reports, 1915 - 1930
0.25 Linear feet (0.5 archival boxes)
[Box 2, Folder 19] 1915
[Box 2, Folder 20] 1927
[Box 2, Folder 21] 1929
[Box 2, Folder 22] 1930
Collected Works
1.13 Linear feet (2.25 archival boxes)
[Box 3, Folder 1] Aa - Ag
[Box 3, Folder 2] Ah - Az
[Box 3, Folder 3] B
[Box 3, Folder 4] C
[Box 3, Folder 5] D
[Box 3, Folder 6] Echandi
[Box 3, Folder 7] Ellis
[Box 3, Folder 8] F
[Box 3, Folder 9] G
[Box 3, Folder 10] H
[Box 3, Folder 11] I
[Box 3, Folder 12] J
[Box 3, Folder 13] Journal of Coffee Research
[Box 3, Folder 14] K
[Box 3, Folder 15] L
[Box 3, Folder 16] M
[Box 4, Folder 1] N
[Box 4, Folder 2] Pa - Pg
[Box 4, Folder 3] Ph - Pz
[Box 4, Folder 4] R
[Box 4, Folder 5] Sa - Se
[Box 4, Folder 6] Sf - Sn
[Box 4, Folder 7] So - Sz
[Box 4, Folder 8] Ta - Too
[Box 4, Folder 9] Tosi (maps of Peru are located in MC 347 Box 10)
[Box 4, Folder 10] Tou - Tz
[Box 4, Folder 11] V
[Box 5, Folder 1] Wa - We
[Box 5, Folder 2] Wf - Wz
[Box 5, Folder 3] Y
[Box 5, Folder 4] Z
Items in this series include lectures, outlines, and drawings used by Wellman for teaching purposes. Included are Wellman's mycology notebook (in Spanish), plant disease lectures given by Wellman in 1962 and minutes of the 18 December 1957 Graduate Council at the Inter-American Institute of Agricultural Sciences in Turrialba, Costa Rica.
Materials from North Carolina State University include a 1964 written examination from Phytopathology II, notes and lectures from the two-year Neotropical Phytopathology seminar series, and 1969 notes from PP 608, History of Plant Pathology.
The final folder in this series deals with public relations. Included are several ideas to make the public more aware of plant pathology, including notes for the television series Not Enough and a series of memos about famine.
[Box 5, Folder 5-16] Mycology Notebook (Spanish)
[Box 5, Folder 17-19] Plant Disease Lectures
[Box 5, Folder 20] Graduate Study Council
[Box 5, Folder 21-22] Plant Pathology Department, North Carolina State University
[Box 5, Folder 23] Public Relations
This series contains information regarding various aspects of Wellman's research. The series is divided into three parts: Proposals, Coffee Research, and Other Research. All materials are arranged chronologically.
Proposals span from 1944 to 1962. Included is correspondence and reports regarding Wellman's research ideas, including a 1946 letter to Dr. Nathaniel E. Winters proposing studies on market diseases in plants in El Salvador. Wellman has drawn an arrow to Winters's name and written "Turned it down." Other proposals include book publications, classification of causal organisms and effects in tropical American plant diseases, and Wellman's plans for field service consultant.
Wellman's coffee research mainly revolves around coffee rust disease ( Hemileia vastatrix). Included is correspondence regarding the rust. Early coffee rust correspondence portrays tactics to prevent the rust from spreading to the western hemisphere. Later correspondence details the rust's effects after it hit the Latin American coffee crop. Also included are coffee rust reports, including the reports from the World Coffee Mission in 1951 and 1952, copies of the Foreign Agriculture Circular, ponencias de la asamblea, newspaper stories, and coffee rust alerts.
Other research includes drawings, charts, and notes about other topics, mainly Fusarium. Wellman drew many of the sketches on the backs of United States Department of Agriculture letterhead.
Proposals, 1944 - 1962
0.05 Linear feet (3 folders)
[Box 5, Folder 23] Proposals, 1944 - 1956
[Box 5, Folder 24] Proposals, 1961 - 1962
[Box 6, Folder 1] Proposals, Undated
Coffee Research, 1951 - 1980
0.6 Linear feet (1.20 archival boxes)
[Box 6, Folder 2] Correspondence, 1951 - 1954
[Box 6, Folder 3] Correspondence, 1970
[Box 6, Folder 4] Correspondence, 1973
[Box 6, Folder 5] Correspondence, 1976
[Box 6, Folder 6] Correspondence, 1977
[Box 6, Folder 7] Correspondence, 1978
[Box 6, Folder 8] Correspondence, 1979
[Box 6, Folder 9] Correspondence, 1980
[Box 6, Folder 10] Coffee Rust Reports (General), 1954
[Box 6, Folder 11] Coffee Rust Reports (General), 1956 - 1970
[Box 6, Folder 12] Coffee Rust Reports (General), 1975 - 1977, undated
[Box 6, Folder 13] World Coffee Mission Reports, 2 August 1952 - 21 September 1952
[Box 6, Folder 14] World Coffee Mission Reports, 29 September 1952 - 1 November 1952
[Box 6, Folder 15] World Coffee Mission Reports, 3 July 1952 - 23 November 1952 (all reports combined)
[Box 6, Folder 16] Foreign Agriculture Circular, 30 June 1952 - 3 November 1952
[Box 6, Folder 17] Foreign Agriculture Circular, 7 November 1952 - 29 May 1953
[Box 6, Folder 18] Ponencias de la Asamblea,
[Box 7, Folder 1] Newspaper Stories, 1956 - 1971
[Box 7, Folder 2] Quarterly Report for Inter-American Institute, 1951
[Box 7, Folder 3] Notes
[Box 7, Folder 4] Annotated Bibliography
[Box 7, Folder 5] Coffee Rust Alerts
Other Research
0.04 Linear feet (2 folders)
[Box 7, Folder 6] Drawings and Charts
[Box 7, Folder 7] Notes
This series consists of programs, articles, and correspondence regarding awards and conferences. Items in this series are arranged chronologically.
The earliest item is a 1953 memo from Wellman to Claud L. Horn consisting of a review of the Coffee Round-Table meeting in San Jose, Costa Rica. The latest item is a schedule from the 1980 Symposium on Rust Diseases held in Minneapolis, Minnesota. Here Wellman and North Carolina State University colleague Eddie Echandi spoke about the status of coffee rust in Latin America.
The most abundant information is about the Caribbean Division of the American Phytopathological Society, especially regarding Wellman's 1971 Award of Merit, the 1972 conference in Mexico City, and the division's 1972 honoring of eight scientists for their contributions to tropical plant pathology.
The eight scientists honored by the Caribbean Division of the A.P.S. are Agesilau A. Bitancourt, Alvaro Santos Costa, Don Edwin Ellis, Jose A. B. Nolla, Antonio Lopes Branquinho d'Oliveira, William C. Snyder, John A. Stevenson, and George A. Zentmyer. Wellman asked each man to send a copy of their cirriculum vita, which are included with the correspondence.
[Box 7, Folder 8] Programs and Articles, 1953 - 1971
[Box 7, Folder 9] Programs and Articles, 1972 - 1980
[Box 7, Folder 10] Correspondence, 1970 - 1971
[Box 7, Folder 11] Correspondence, January 1972
[Box 7, Folder 12] Correspondence, February 1972
[Box 7, Folder 13] Correspondence, March 1972 - April 1972
[Box 7, Folder 14] Correspondence, May 1972 - June 1972
This series contains items of interest that do not fit in with other items in this collection. Some of these items relate to Wellman's profession, while others are remnants from his personal life. Included are four pamphlets advertising the DuBay products Ceresan and Semesan, a postcard and Christmas card from Portugal, a caricature of Wellman, two bulletins from the University of Denver School of Art, and a historiography of the Wellman family, including the Wellman coat of arms.
[Box 7, Folder 15] Memorabilia
DuBay pamphlet for Ceresan: "Would You Trade 14 Pennies for Three $1.00 Bills?"
DuBay pamphlet for Ceresan: "Better Grain Yields with New Improved Ceresan"
DuBay pamphlet for Semesan: "More Success with Flowers"
DuBay pamphlet for Semesan: "Treat Seeds with Semesan for Better Luck with Vegetables"
Christmas Postcard from Centro de Incestigacao das Ferrugens do Cafeeiro in Oeiras, Portugal
Caricature of Wellman
Christmas Card from Centro de Investigacao da Ferrugens do Cafeeiro
University of Denver School of Art Announcement, 1931-1932
University of Denver School of Art Announcement, 1933-1934
Historiography of the Wellman Family
This series consists of materials related to Wellman's professional life, although not necessarily research-oriented. The materials range from 1918 to 1969, and are arranged chronologically.
Although some of the correspondence in this series concerns Wellman's research, most of it details Wellman's job prospects and his termination from the Instituto Interamericano de Ciencias Agriacute;colas due to limited funding. Other information included in this series consists of notifications of pay raises, employment applications, civil service efficiency ratings, appointments from the Regents of the University of Wisconsin, and curriculum vitae and publication lists. Certificates from the Washington Academy of Sciences, the United States Civil Service Commission, and the United States Department of Agriculture are also included.
[Box 8, Folder 1] Correspondence
[Box 8, Folder 2] Personnel Actions, 1918 - 1930
[Box 8, Folder 3] Personnel Actions, 1931 - 1960
[Box 8, Folder 4] Employment Applications and Miscellaneous Forms
[Box 8, Folder 5] U.S. Civil Service Commission Efficiency Ratings
[Box 8, Folder 6] Regents of the University of Wisconsin Appointments
[Box 8, Folder 7] Curriculum Vitae and Publications Lists
[Box 8, Folder 8] Certificates of Recognition
This series includes notes and outlines from Wellman's various manuscript projects. A good portion of the material stems from Wellman's book Tropical American Plant Disease. Also included are illustrations from Plants Have Diseases. Wellman also left citation information about his publications.
[Box 8, Folder 9-11] Notes and Outlines
[Box 8, Folder 12] Tropical American Plant Disease, Outlines
[Box 8, Folder 13] Tropical American Plant Disease, Grant Materials
[Box 8, Folder 14] Typed Essays
[Box 8, Folder 15] Drafts
[Box 8, Folder 16] Plants Have Diseases, Illustrations and Captions
[Box 8, Folder 17] Illustrations, Source Unknown
[Box 8, Folder 18] Citations
[Flat Box 9] A list of types of diseases from Fusarium encountered in crops in the American tropics (Separated from MC 347 Box 7 Folder 7)
[Flat Box 9] Some details about sprayers and spraying costs (Separated from MC 347 Box 7 Folder 7)
[Flat Box 9] Letter from Comissao Executiva do Plano de Recuperacao Economico-Rural de Lavoura Cacaueira (Separated from MC347.6.3)
[Flat Box 9] Diploma from La Academia de Artes y Ciencias de Puerto Rico (Separated from MC 347 Box 7 Folder 15)
[Flat Box 9] Comic - "Conozcamos la Roya del Cafeto" (Separated from MC347 347 Box 7 Folder 5)
[Flat Folder 10] Tosi maps of Peru (Separated from MC347.4.9)
The photographs in this collection depict research and scenery from the tropics. Boxes 11-13 contain scientific photgraphs, some of which were used in Wellman's books. Box 14 contains United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Foreign Agricultural Relations Photos from Ecuador, El Salvador, and Guatemala. Many of the photographs have descriptions on the back, describing such scenes as virus disease symptoms and different types of trees. Some of the pictures, however, contain little or no description. Some of the photographs have been converted into postcards, which are located in Box 15. Slides and an advertisement for Sandoz is also located in this box. Box 17 contains photographs that are larger than 8" x 10". Most of these photographs are USDA Foreign Agricultural Relations Photos from El Salvador.
[Album 11] Scientific photographs
[Album 12] Scientific photographs
[Album 13] Scientific photgraphs, conferences, photographs from the Instituto Interamericana de Ciencias Agricolas
[Album 14] USDA Foreign Agricultural Relations Photos - Ecuador, El Salvador, and Guatemala
[Album 15] General photographs, postcards, Sandoz advertisement, slides
[Album 16] General photographs
[Album 17] Oversize photographs (mostly USDA Foreign Agricultural Relations Photos from El Salvador)
[Album 18] Negatives


Wellman, Frederick Lovejoy, 1897-


16.5 Linear feet

General Physical Description note

18 archival storage boxes


For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Special Collections Research Center Reference Staff external link.


Immediate Source of Acquisition note

Collection transferred from NCSU Plant Pathology Department, Dec. 2003

Acquisitions Information

Materials originally belonging to Frederick L. Wellman. Transferred from NCSU Plant Pathology Department, 2003 December.


Processed by: Dawne E. Howard; machine-readable finding aid created by: Dawne E. Howard

Scope and Content Note

The Frederick L. Wellman papers document to Wellman's plant pathology research in Latin America as well as his work as a visiting and emeritus professor at North Carolina State University. This collection contains Wellman's essays, publications, reports, correspondence, newspaper clippings, awards, and photographs detailing his work on the plant diseases Fusarim and coffee rust disease ( Hemileia vastatrix). Also included are some materials about Wellman's early research on celery and tomatoes. The photographs depict this research, as well as many views of the Latin American landscape and views of everyday life for a portion of the Latin American population.

Biographical Note

Frederick Lovejoy Wellman (1897-1994) was a plant pathologist most known for his reasearch on coffee rust disease ( Hemileia vastatrix). Born in Angola, Africa, Wellman moved to Kansas as a child. He attended Fairmount College, (now Wichita State University), receiving his A.B. degree in 1920. He then attended the University of Wisconsin in Madison, where he earned his M.A. in 1924 and Ph.D. in 1928.

After graduation, Wellman began work as a plant pathologist for the United Fruit Company in Honduras. Wellman focused on Fusarium oxysporum , a fungus that causes disease in bananas. Wellman also worked for the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the Inter-American Institute of Agricultural Sciences (IICA or Instituto Interamericano de Ciencias Agriacute;colas) in Turrialba, Costa Rica. In addition, he was the head of the Department of Plant Pathology and Botany at the Agricultural Experiment Station at the University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras. Throughout his career, Wellman traveled around the world studying coffee and preparing for coffee rust's eventual spread to the western hemisphere. By the time he retired, he had spent 24 years in the tropics, one year in Turkey, and one year near the equator.

Upon his retirement from the University of Puerto Rico in 1963, Wellman accepted the position of visiting professor in the plant pathology department at North Carolina State University. The university made him a Professor Emeritus in 1971. During his tenure at North Carolina State University, Wellman wrote three books, Plant Diseases: An Introduction for the Layman (1971, The Natural History Press), Tropical American Plant Disease (1972, The Scarecrow Press, Inc.), and Dictionary of Tropical American Crops and Their Diseases. Wellman also published more than 200 other works, including his 1961 book, Coffee: Botany, Civilization and Utilization (Interscience Publishers).

Wellman was an active leader in the plant pathology community. He founded the Caribbean Division of the American Phytopathological Society (APS), serving as its first president. He also served as councilor of the division and chairman of the APS Committee on International Cooperation. The Caribbean Division of the APS awarded him with the Award of Merit for distinguished service in 1971. In 1974, Wellman became a Fellow of the APS.

In addition to the APS, Wellman was a member of Sigma Xi, Phi Sigma, the Washington Academy of Sciences, and the Puerto Rico Academy of Arts and Sciences. He was also a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

In his personal life, Wellman was married to Dora U'Ren Wellman for 72 years. The couple had one son, Frederick Creighton Wellman IV. Wellman died in Raleigh 21 April 1994. His wife predeceased him on 24 December 1990.

Access to Collection

This collection is open for research; access requires at least 24 hours advance notice.

For more information contact us via mail, phone, fax, or our web form.


Special Collections Research Center
Box 7111
Raleigh, NC, 27695-7111


(919) 515-2273


(919) 513-1787

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Frederick L. Wellman Papers, MC 347, Special Collections Research Center, North Carolina State University Libraries, Raleigh, North Carolina.

Access to Collection

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The materials from our collections are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study, pursuant to U.S. Copyright law. The user must assume full responsibility for any use of the materials, including but not limited to, infringement of copyright and publication rights of reproduced materials. Any materials used for academic research or otherwise should be fully credited with the source.

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