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MC 00315 Preliminary Inventory of the American Cyanamid Company Papers, 1944-1977
This collection has not yet undergone full archival processing. Materials are arranged in the order received.
Try experimental container filtering.
American Cyanamid Company. Calco Chemical Division.
1.5 Linear feet Textile Dyeing Technical Bulletins
General Physical Description
1 archival carton
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Special Collections Research Center Reference Staff.
Collection was donated from the NCSU Textiles Library
Processed by Judy Allen Dodson; finding aid created by Judy Allen Dodson
This collection contains technical bulletins from the Calco Chemcial Division of the American Cyanamid Company and the Courtaulds Limited (Courtelle) company. The dates of the bulletins range in dates from 1945-1977.
New Jersey’s Calco Chemical Company was founded in 1915 at a site close to the town of Bound Brook, almost adjacent to the Raritan River, to manufacture coal-tar intermediates required to make synthetic dyestuffs.
After 1918, Calco also successfully embarked on the manufacture of synthetic dyestuffs by processes that were far more complex than hitherto used in American chemical industry. With the help of technical experts such as Victor L. King, Calco introduced process improvements based on its own innovations. Inventive activity was enhanced from 1927 with the creation of a research department, one of the earliest in the U.S. chemical industry.
In 1929, confronting difficult trading conditions, Calco was acquired by the American Cyanamid Company, and became the dye-making and organic chemicals hub of that corporation. Subsequently Calco diversified into sulfa, or “wonder,” drugs, based on its dye intermediates, and amino resins.
After 1945, American Cyanamid’s Calco Chemical Division specialized in vat dyestuffs, fluorescent whitening agents, polyurethane and acrylic polymers, and the invention of herbicides.
With the 1993 Cyanamid virtually finished its transformation from a chemical to a drug and agricultural products company.
Cyanamid Principal Subsidiaries include: Acufex Microsurgical, Inc.; Cyanamid Inter-American Corp.; Cyanamid International Corp.; Cyanamid Metals Corp.; Cyanamid International Sales Corp.; Cyanamid Overseas Corp.; Davis & Geck, Inc.; Glendale Protective Technologies, Inc.; Jacqueline Cochran, Inc.; Lederle Parenterals, Inc.; Lederle Piperacillin, Inc.; La Prairie, Inc.; Shulton, Inc.; Toiletries, Inc.
The company also lists subsidiaries in the following countries: Australia, Bermuda, Brazil, Canada, Costa Rica, France, India, Italy, Japan, Korea, Mexico, The Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Portugal, Switzerland, United Kingdom, Venezuela, and West Germany.
Access to Collection
Collection is open for research; access requires at least 24 hours advance notice.
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Special Collections Research Center
[Identification of item], American Cyanamid Company Papers, MC 00315, Special Collections Research Center, North Carolina State University Libraries, Raleigh, NC
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