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MC 00315 Preliminary Inventory of the American Cyanamid Company Papers, 1944-1977

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American Cyanamid Company. Calco Chemical Division.


1.5 Linear feet Textile Dyeing Technical Bulletins

General Physical Description

1 archival carton


For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Special Collections Research Center Reference Staff.



Acquisition Information

Collection was donated from the NCSU Textiles Library


Processed by Judy Allen Dodson; finding aid created by Judy Allen Dodson

Scope and Content Note

This collection contains technical bulletins from the Calco Chemcial Division of the American Cyanamid Company and the Courtaulds Limited (Courtelle) company. The dates of the bulletins range in dates from 1945-1977.

Historical Note

New Jersey’s Calco Chemical Company was founded in 1915 at a site close to the town of Bound Brook, almost adjacent to the Raritan River, to manufacture coal-tar intermediates required to make synthetic dyestuffs.

After 1918, Calco also successfully embarked on the manufacture of synthetic dyestuffs by processes that were far more complex than hitherto used in American chemical industry. With the help of technical experts such as Victor L. King, Calco introduced process improvements based on its own innovations. Inventive activity was enhanced from 1927 with the creation of a research department, one of the earliest in the U.S. chemical industry.

In 1929, confronting difficult trading conditions, Calco was acquired by the American Cyanamid Company, and became the dye-making and organic chemicals hub of that corporation. Subsequently Calco diversified into sulfa, or “wonder,” drugs, based on its dye intermediates, and amino resins.

After 1945, American Cyanamid’s Calco Chemical Division specialized in vat dyestuffs, fluorescent whitening agents, polyurethane and acrylic polymers, and the invention of herbicides.

With the 1993 Cyanamid virtually finished its transformation from a chemical to a drug and agricultural products company.

Cyanamid Principal Subsidiaries include: Acufex Microsurgical, Inc.; Cyanamid Inter-American Corp.; Cyanamid International Corp.; Cyanamid Metals Corp.; Cyanamid International Sales Corp.; Cyanamid Overseas Corp.; Davis & Geck, Inc.; Glendale Protective Technologies, Inc.; Jacqueline Cochran, Inc.; Lederle Parenterals, Inc.; Lederle Piperacillin, Inc.; La Prairie, Inc.; Shulton, Inc.; Toiletries, Inc.

The company also lists subsidiaries in the following countries: Australia, Bermuda, Brazil, Canada, Costa Rica, France, India, Italy, Japan, Korea, Mexico, The Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Portugal, Switzerland, United Kingdom, Venezuela, and West Germany.

Access to Collection

Collection is open for research; access requires at least 24 hours advance notice.

For more information contact us via mail, phone, fax, or our web form.


Special Collections Research Center
Box 7111
Raleigh, NC, 27695-7111


(919) 515-2273


(919) 513-1787

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], American Cyanamid Company Papers, MC 00315, Special Collections Research Center, North Carolina State University Libraries, Raleigh, NC

Access to Collection

The nature of the NCSU Libraries' Special Collections means that copyright or other information about restrictions may be difficult or even impossible to determine despite reasonable efforts. The NCSU Libraries claims only physical ownership of most Special Collections materials.

The materials from our collections are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study, pursuant to U.S. Copyright law. The user must assume full responsibility for any use of the materials, including but not limited to, infringement of copyright and publication rights of reproduced materials. Any materials used for academic research or otherwise should be fully credited with the source.

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